What is the Difference between a Certificate Course and Professional Certification?

According to ICE – the Institute for Credentialing Excellence, (formerly NOCA, the National Organization for Competency Assurance) accrediting standards, a “certificate program” is a non-degree granting program that:

  1. Provides a course of instruction with intended learning outcomes.
  2. Evaluates participants’ achievement of those same learning outcomes via an examination.
  3. Awards a certificate ONLY to those who have taken that specific course and passed that specific examination.

The purpose of this kind of certificate program is to educate participants, and the examination is used as a mirror to show students their progress toward learning those specific outcomes.

A professional certification program, is a non-governmental program that does two things:

  1. Delivers an assessment based on industry knowledge, independent from training courses or course providers.
  2. Grants a time-limited credential to anyone who meets the assessment standards.

In some cases a certification examination may be used as a component of either state or national licensure.

As the standard explains, it is the role of TRAINING and its relationship to credentialing that sets these two types of credentials apart.

Professional certifications are independent of training courses. In the words of the standard, “Whereas the primary focus of a…certificate program is on…education/ training…the primary focus of professional or personnel certification is on assessment. Moreover, the assessment conducted by a certification program is independent of a specific class, course or other education/training program and also independent of any provider of classes, course or programs.”

With professional certification, the examination is used not as a mirror but as a screen – to separate those who meet the assessment standards from those who do not.

Use of Credentials:
The distinction between certificates and certifications is important when you consider the implications: According to accepted standards, holders of assessment-based certificates may NOT use letters or acronyms behind their names, nor may they use the word “certified” in describing their credentials. The use of letters, acronyms and the word “certified” are reserved to holders of professional or personnel certifications as defined in the standard.

Self-Test - Those who are unsure whether their credentials are compliant with these standards can ask the following questions of their certification body:

  1. Is the examining/designation granting organization involved in the development or delivery of the certification training courses?
  2. Does the examining/designation granting organization require its own training course as a prerequisite for credentialing, or imply that such a course is the only way to certification?

If the answer to these questions is “yes,” then the organization should not bestow titles, initials or the word “certified” on its certificate holders, because such credentials are not certifications.

What about CAC and CAEd?
CAC (Certified Alzheimer Caregiver) and CAEd (Certified Alzheimer Educator) are professional certifications bestowed by the NCBAC™ (National Certification Board for Alzheimer Care), not just certificate programs. Certificants legitimately use CAC and CAEd initials after their name. The exams and testing are owned and operated independently from industry training programs. Using psychometrics, the exams are based on data gathered from professionals and experts in the field of dementia care. Psychometricians and Subject Matter Experts conduct job task analyses, test development, standard setting, test administration, psychometric analyses, and workforce studies to insure the highest standards in caregiving and education in dementia care.

Training for CAC and CAEd is an option, not a necessity, although candidates must meet certain eligibility requirements (as with any certification). There are many training programs that may be valid for exam prep. 

The NCBAC™ certification programs adhere to Standards for Educational and Psychological Testing co-published by the American Educational Research Association, American Psychological Association and the National Council on Measurement in Education (AERA, APA, NCME); accreditation standards established by the National Commission for Certifying Agencies (NCCA) as well as the American National Standards Institute (ANSI); Guidelines for Computer Based Testing from the Association of Test Publishers (ATP); and best practices for fair testing.